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How Insulation Works

How Insulation Works

How Insulation Works

Insulation in your home provides resistance to heat flow. The more heat flow resistance your insulation provides, the lower your heating and cooling costs. Properly insulating your home not only reduces heating and cooling costs, but also improves comfort.

To understand how insulation works it helps to understand heat flow, which involves three basic mechanisms -- conduction, convection, and radiation. Conduction is the way heat moves through materials, such as when a spoon placed in a hot cup of coffee conducts heat through its handle to your hand. Convection is the way heat circulates through liquids and gases, and is why lighter, warmer air rises, and cooler, denser air sinks in your home. Radiant heat travels in a straight line and heats anything solid in its path that absorbs its energy.

Most common insulation materials work by slowing conductive heat flow and -- to a lesser extent -- convective heat flow. Radiant barriers and reflective insulation systems work by reducing radiant heat gain. To be effective, the reflective surface must face an air space.

Regardless of the mechanism, heat flows from warmer to cooler until there is no longer a temperature difference. In your home, this means that in winter, heat flows directly from all heated living spaces to adjacent unheated attics, garages, basements, and even to the outdoors. Heat flow can also move indirectly through interior ceilings, walls, and floors -- wherever there is a difference in temperature. During the cooling season, heat flows from the outdoors to the interior of a house.

To maintain comfort, the heat lost in the winter must be replaced by your heating system and the heat gained in the summer must be removed by your cooling system. Properly insulating your home will decrease this heat flow by providing an effective resistance to the flow of heat.


U.S. Department of Energy - Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

24 Hour Emergency Service (817) 421-4190 Fill Out Our Online Form
24 Hour Emergency Service
(817) 421-4190
Fill Out Our Online Form
Contact Information
 
Address:   950 E State Hwy 114 #160
Southlake, TX 76092
Phone: (817) 421-4190
Hours: Monday - Friday
8:00am - 5:00pm
Texas License: TACLB023486E
 
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AC & Heat Solutions works with Lennox products in Grapevine TX We can fix and service your Carrier products in Grapevine TX. AC & Heat Solutions is an amana product expert. We specialize in Goodman product installation in Southlake TX. Ask us about our Westinghouse products and services! Get your Ruud AC units service done in Southlake TX by AC & Heat Solutions Save money on York Cooling service in Southlake TX. AC & Heat Solutions works with Bryant Heating and Cooling Systems AC products in Grapevine TX. Trane AC service in Keller TX is our speciality. Rheem AC service in Southlake TX is our speciality. AC & Heat Solutions works with American Standard AC products in Grapevine TX.
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